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& BIOGRAPHY OF A BENDONKOHE APACHE:
next years that Goyathlay speaks on begins with 1873.
I will set forth here, some of the things that happened in the
world during that five years which must be the time period that he
speaks of above as being a “long time before we again went into
Mexico or were distrubed by the Mexicans.”
law for classification of elements formed;
Red Stockings become first salaried baseball team;
introduces first post cards;
Oil Company founded;
E. Lee dies;
H. Huxley comes out with “Theory of Biogenesis”;
Verne writes “20,000 Leagues Under the Sea”.
Law of Guarantees allows Pope possession of Vatican;
rock drill invented;
Barnum opens his circus;
Great Chicago Fire;
finally catches up with Dr. Livingstone;
Population now stands at 39 million; more than Japan, Britain, or
re-elected as President;
expelled from Germany;
International Soccer game – Scotland vs. England;
U.S. Ski Club founded at Berlin, NH.
– It must have been relatively peaceful and happy
times for Goyathlay and his people during the past four or five
years, but he does not speak of it.
Then, in 1873 Mexico attacks his people again. Now, while a lot
of historical blame is put upon Goyathlay and/or the Apache people in
general, it seems to me that Mexico should have their share as well.
What are the reasons for this constant attacks without seeming
provocation, I can not be sure. However,
realizing that Mexico had many areas that were basically controlled by
bands of “outlaws” or “banditos” regardless of how they termed
themselves or history would later on, it may well be that much of this
trouble was caused by them; Pancho Villa for example.
any rate, Mexicans once more come to attack the Apache.
Even though the Apache defeated them, Goyathlay’s people
decide to move their village. Trying to figure out the line of reasoning in another’s
head is faulty at best, trying to do so for a person or people some
130 years or so in the Past is even more prone to be in error.
Even so, why they decided to move INTO Mexico is beyond me, but
that is what they did. It
must be said however, that it very well could have been for economical
or living purposes that dictated this move.
For Arizona, one must realize is now becoming more and more
populated and the free game and easy hunting is just about gone for
ranged in these mountains for over a year, raiding the Mexican
settlements for our supplies, but not having any general engagement
with Mexican troops; then we returned to our homes in Arizona. After
remaining in Arizona about a year we returned to Mexico, and went
into hiding in the Sierra Madre Mountains. Our camp was near Nacori,
and we had just organized bands of warriors for raiding the country,
when our scouts discovered Mexican troops coming toward our camp to
It was two
Companies of Mexican troops against approximately 60 Apache
warriors. The Mexicans
took the high ground, as it is spoken, and dismounted to fight under
cover. The Apache first
killed all their horses, then proceeded to at first cautiously try to
pick off the hidden troopers, while making them waste their
ammunition. When this
became apparent that it was not going to work as far as ending the
battle, Goyathlay gives the signal to charge the emplaced troopers.
war-whoop sounded and we leaped forward from every stone over the
Mexicans' dead horses, fighting hand to hand. The attack was so
sudden that the Mexicans, running first this way and then that,
became so confused that in a few minutes we had killed them all.”
night we moved our camp eastward through the Sierra Madre Mountains
into Chihuahua. No troops molested us here and after about a year we
returned to Arizona.”
every year we would live a part of the time in Old Mexico. There
were at this time many settlements in Arizona; game was not
plentiful, and besides we liked to go down into Old Mexico. Besides,
the lands of the Nedni Apaches, our friends and kinsmen, extended
far into Mexico. Their Chief, Whoa, was as a brother to me, and we
spent much of our time in his territory.”
1873, this was happening around the world:
photographs first developed;
Football Clubs adopt uniform rules;
of Buda and Pest are combined to be Budapest, and made capital of
– At about this time, Goyathlay
says, Mexican again sneak up on them and
attack. Wrong move on
their part, for although 12 Apaches were killed, none of the Mexicans
made it out alive.
kept behind rocks and trees until we came within ten yards of their
line, then we stood up and both sides shot until all the Mexicans
were killed. We lost twelve warriors in this battle.”
about four months we reassembled at Casa Grande to make a treaty of
peace. The chiefs of the town of Casa Grande, and all of the men of
Casa Grande, made a treaty with us. We shook hands and promised to
be brothers. Then we began to trade, and the Mexicans gave us
mescal. Soon nearly all the Indians were drunk. While they were
drunk two companies of Mexican troops, from another town, attacked
us, killed twenty Indians, and captured many more. We fled in all
this was happening around
wars with Peru and Bolivia;
and his people, now having returned to New Mexico,
find two companies of “scouts” are sent to him and Chief Victoria.
The scouts say they are to come to town, however, they do not
Believing that they wanted to council, as they were Apache
Scouts, with them, Goyathlay and Victoria go.
soon as we arrived in town soldiers met us, disarmed us, and took us
both to headquarters, where we were tried by court-martial. They
asked us only a few questions and then Victoria was released and I
was sentenced to the guardhouse. Scouts conducted me to the
guardhouse and put me in chains. When I asked them why they did this
they said it was because I had left Apache Pass.”
was kept a prisoner for four months, during which time I was
transferred to San Carlos. Then I think I had another trial,
although I was not present. In fact I do not know that I had another
trial, but I was told that I had, and at any rate I was released.”
Goyathlay and his people have many skirmishes
with the Mexicans, however he relates
little of this during this time period as far as the Mexicans are
the summer of 1883 a rumor was current that the (US)officers were
again planning to imprison our leaders. This rumor served to revive
the memory of all our past wrongs-the massacre in the tent at Apache
Pass, the fate of Mangus Colorado, and my own unjust imprisonment,
which might easily have been death to me. Just at this time we were
told that the officers wanted us to come up the river above Geronimo
to a fort (Fort Thomas) to hold a council with them. We did not
believe that any good could come of this conference, or that there
was any need of it; so we held a council ourselves, and fearing
treachery, decided to leave the reservation. We thought it more
manly to die on the war path than to be killed in prison.”
went on toward Old Mexico, but on the second day after this United
States soldiers overtook us about three o'clock in the afternoon and
we fought until dark. The ground where we were attacked was very
rough, which was to our advantage, for the troops were compelled to
dismount in order to fight us. I do not know how many soldiers were
killed, but we lost only one warrior and three children.”
ranged in the mountains of Old Mexico for about a year, then
returned to San Carlos, taking with us a herd of cattle and
1884 we returned to Arizona to get other Apaches to come with us
into Mexico. The Mexicans were gathering troops in the mountains
where we had been ranging, and their numbers were so much greater
than ours that we could not hope to fight them successfully, and we
were tired of being chased about from place to place.”
after we arrived at San Carlos the officer in charge, General Crook,
took the horses and cattle away from us. I told him that these were
not white men's cattle, but belonged to us, for we had taken them
from the Mexicans during our wars. I also told him that we did not
intend to kill these animals, but that we wished to keep them and
raise stock on our range. He would not listen to me, but took the
stock. I went up near Fort Apache and General Crook ordered
officers, soldiers, and scouts to see that I was arrested; if I
offered resistance they were instructed to kill me.”
Arizona we had trouble with the United States soldiers and returned
had lost about fifteen warriors in Arizona, and had gained no
recruits. With our reduced number we camped in the mountains north
of Arispe. Mexican troops were seen by our scouts in several
directions. The United States troops were coming down from the
north. We were well armed with guns and supplied with ammunition,
but we did not care to be surrounded by the troops of two
governments, so we started to move our camp southward.”
those days we never camped without placing scouts, for we knew that
we were liable to be attacked at any time. The next morning just at
daybreak our scouts came in, aroused the camp, and notified us that
Mexican troops were approaching. Within five minutes the Mexicans
began firing on us.”
noon we began to hear them speaking my name with curses. In the
afternoon the general came on the field and the fighting became more
furious. I gave orders to my warriors to try to kill all the Mexican
officers. About three o'clock the general called all the officers
together at the right side of the field. The place where they
assembled was not very far from the main stream and a little ditch
ran out close to where the officers stood. Cautiously I crawled out
this ditch very close to where the council was being held. The
general was an old warrior. The wind was blowing in my direction, so
that l could hear all he said, and I understood most of it. This is
about what he told them: "Officers, yonder in those ditches is
the red devil Geronimo and his hated band. This must be his last
day. Ride on him from both sides of the ditches; kill men, women,
and children; take no prisoners; dead Indians are what we want. Do
not spare your own men; exterminate this band at any cost; I will
post the wounded (to) shoot all deserters; go back to your companies
as the command to go forward was given I took deliberate aim at the
general and he fell. In an instant the ground around me was riddled
with bullets; but I was untouched. The Apaches had seen. From all
along the ditches arose the fierce war-cry of my people. The columns
wavered an instant and then swept on; they did not retreat until our
fire had destroyed the front ranks.
this their fighting was not so fierce, yet they continued to rally
and readvance until dark. They also continued to speak my name with
threats and curses. That night before the firing had ceased a dozen
Indians had crawled out of the ditches and set fire to the long
prairie grass behind the Mexican troops. During the confusion that
followed we escaped to the mountains.
was the last battle that I ever fought with Mexicans.
United States troops were trailing us continually from this time
until the treaty was made with General Miles in Skeleton Canyon.”
have killed many Mexicans; I do not know how many, for frequently I
did not count them. Some of them were not worth counting.”
night we held a council of war; our scouts had reported bands
of United States and Mexican troops at many points in the
mountains. We estimated that about two thousand soldiers were
ranging these mountains seeking to capture us. General Cook
had come down into Mexico with the United States troops. They
were camped in the Sierra de Antunez Mountains. Scouts told me
that General Crook wished to see me and I went to his camp.
When I arrived General Crook said to me,
"Why did you leave the reservation?"
"You told me that I might live in the reservation the same as
white people lived. One year I raised a crop of corn, and
gathered and stored it, and the next year I put in a crop of
oats, and when the crop was almost ready to harvest, you told
your soldiers to put me in prison, and if I resisted to kill
me. If I had been let alone l would now have been in good
circumstances, but instead of that you and the Mexicans are
hunting me with soldiers".
"I never gave any such orders; the troops at Fort Apache, who
spread this report, knew that it was untrue".
agreed to go back with him to San Carlos. It was hard for me
to believe him at that time. Now I know that what he said was
untrue, and I firmly believe that he did issue the orders for
me to be put in prison, or to be killed in case I offered
started with all our tribe to go with General Crook back to the
United States, but I feared treachery and decided to remain in
Mexico. We were not under any guard at the time. The United States
troops marched in front and the Indians followed, and when we became
suspicious, we turned back. I do not know how far the United States
army went after myself, and some warriors turned back before we were
missed, and I do not care.
have suffered much from such unjust orders as those of General
Crook. Such acts have caused much distress to my people. I think
that General Crook's death was sent by the Almighty as a punishment
for the many evil deeds he committed.”
this was happening around
Pacific Railroad completed;
Bill’s Wild West Show organized;
Cleveland elected President;
S. Truman born;
Practical steam turbine engine;
discovered in the Transvaal, Johannesburg rises.
General Miles was made commander of all the western posts, and
troops trailed us continually. They were led by Captain Lawton, who
had good scout.”
our return through Old Mexico we attacked every Mexican found, even
if for no other reason than to kill. We believed they had asked the
United States troops to come down to Mexico to fight us.”
were reckless of our lives, because we felt that every man's hand
was against us. If we returned to the reservation we would be put in
prison and killed; if we stayed in Mexico they would continue to
send soldiers to fight us; so we gave no quarter to anyone and asked
some time we left Gosoda and soon were reunited with our tribe in
the Sierra de Antunez Mountains.”
to our expectations the United States soldiers had not left the
mountains in Mexico, and were soon trailing us and skirmishing with
us almost every day.”
after this we made a treaty with the Mexican troops. They told us
that the United States troops were the real cause of these wars, and
agreed not to fight any more with us provided we would return to the
United States. This we agreed to do, and resumed our march,
expecting to try to make a treaty with the United States soldiers
and return to Arizona. There seemed to be no other course to
after this scouts from Captain Lawton's troops told us that he
wished to make a treaty with us; but I knew that General Miles was
the chief of the American troops, and I decided to treat with
I went to the camp of the United States troops to meet General Miles
I arrived at their camp I went directly to General Miles and told
him how I had been wronged, and that I wanted to return to the
United States with my people, as we wished to see our families, who
had been captured and taken away from us."
Miles said to me:
President of the United States has sent me to speak to you. He has
heard of your trouble with the white men, and says that if you will
agree to a few words of treaty we need have no more trouble. Geronimo,
if you will agree to a few words of treaty all will be satisfactorily
General Miles told me how we could be brothers to each other. We
raised our hands to heaven and said that the treaty was not to be
broken. We took an oath not to do any wrong to each other or to
scheme against each other.”
“Then he talked with me for a long time and told me what he would
do for me in the future if I would agree to the treaty. I did not
greatly believe General Miles, but because the President of the
United States had sent me word I agreed to make the treaty, and to
keep it. Then I asked General Miles what the treaty would be."
Miles said to me:
will take you under Government protection; I will build you a house; I
will fence you much land; I will give you cattle, horses, mules, and
farming implements. You will be furnished with men to work the farm,
for you yourself will not have to work. In the fall I will send you
blankets and clothing so that you will not suffer from cold in the
is plenty of timber, water, and grass in the land to which I will send
you. You will live with your tribe and with your family. If you agree
to this treaty you shall see your family within five days."
said to General Miles:
officers that have been in charge of the Indians have talked that way,
and it sounds like a story to me; I hardly believe you."
time it is the truth."
Miles, I do not know the laws of the white man, nor of this new
country where you are to send me, and I might break the laws."
I live you will not be arrested."
I agreed to make the treaty. (Since then I have been a prisoner of
war, I have been arrested and placed in the guardhouse twice for
stood between his troopers and my warriors. We placed a large stone
on the blanket before us. Our treaty was made by this stone, as it
was to last until the stone should crumble to dust; so we made the
treaty, and bound each other with an oath.
do not believe that I have ever violated that treaty; but General
Miles never fulfilled his promises.
we had made the treaty General Miles said to me:
brother, you have in your mind how you are going to kill me, and other
thoughts of war; I want you to put that out of your mind, and change
your thoughts to peace."
I agreed and gave up my arms. I said:
will quit the war path and live at peace here after."
General Miles swept a spot of ground clear with his hand, and said:
past deeds shall be wiped out like this and you will start a new
I had given up to the Government they put me on the Southern Pacific
Railroad and took me to San Antonio, Texas, and held me to be tried
by their laws."
forty days they took me from there to Fort Pickens (Pensacola),
Florida. Here they put me to sawing up large logs. There were
several other Apache warriors with me, and all of us had to work
every day. For nearly two years we were kept at hard labor in this
place and we did not see our families until May, 1887. This
treatment was in direct violation of our treaty made at Skeleton
this was happening around the
annexes Tanganyika and Zanzibar;
introduced to the U.S.;
devises Rabies vaccine;
Pacific Railway completed;
Cobb is born.
this we were sent with our families to Vermont, Alabama, where we
stayed five years and worked for the Government. We had no property,
and I looked in vain for General Miles to send me to that land of
which he had spoken; I longed in vain for the implements, house, and
stock that General Miles had promised me."
have had some problems, timelinewise,
this section because in the telling of His Story, Goyathlay does not
provide the dates nor does he seem to quite keep various segments in
the order they occurred. I am not going to deeply speculate on this,
but to me, this element of vagueness is understandable.
Considering the life the man led, the life he once knew having
been changed several times drastically, now to the point where he is
relegated to being considered little more than a caged animal by his
captors and certainly no one “worthy enough” to keep promises made
to…myself, I would be loathe to bring this back to life, as well.
we first came to Fort Sill, Captain Scot was in charge, and he had
houses built for us by the Government. We were also given, from the
Government, cattle, hogs, turkeys and chickens."
the cattle we have done very well indeed, and we like to raise them.
We have a few horses also, and have had no bad luck with them."
the matter of selling our stock and grain there has been much
misunderstanding. The Indians understood that the cattle were to be
sold and the money given to them, but instead part of the money is
given to the Indians and part of it is placed in what the officers
call the "Apache Fund." We have had five different
officers in charge of the Indians here and they have all ruled very
much alike-not consulting the Apaches or even explaining to them. It
may be that the Government ordered the officers in charge to put
this cattle money into an Apache fund, for once I complained and
told Lieutenant Purington that I intended to report to the
Government that he had taken some of my part of the cattle money and
put it into the Apache Fund, he said he did not care if I did
years ago the issue of clothing ceased. This, too, may have been by
the order of the Government, but the Apaches do not understand it.
there is an Apache Fund, it should some day be turned over to the
Indians, or at least they should have an account of it, for it is
General Miles last visited Fort Sill I asked to be relieved from
labor on account of my age. I also remembered what General Miles had
promised me in the treaty and told him of it. He said I need not
work any more except when I wished to, and since that time I have
not been detailed to do any work. I have worked a great deal,
however, since then, for, although I am old, I like to work and help
my people as much as I am able."
St. Louis World’s Fair/Exposition:
section will be the most difficult, for me, to attend to.
Many will wonder why, since it would appear on the surface at
least, that the “whites” are finally honoring this man.
As well, some might read into Goyathlay’s words, satisfaction
at being recognized and seemingly being accorded “honors” of some
I see it entirely differently.
I see it as an “exhibition”; a show at bringing out of some
sort of prehistoric past, a living example of “white superiority”
and a façade at showing the might of the Army for having brought this
“tiger of a man” to bay and rendering him an impotent, old man; a
crown jewel in the Might of the Nation’s Crown.
Even so, you will notice that they did
not leave him alone for one minute, having guards with him at all
Was this done because “the Army” felt they needed to
protect him from the “white public”? This I heartily doubt.
I believe that even as old as Goyathlay
was at the time, and certainly made older by his trials and travails,
the Army was yet very leery at what this “old man” might do to the
“white public” and in this, they were probably right had
circumstances warranted it.
However, if any such “action” had taken place, I have no
doubt that it would have been against the very Army that had
maltreated him so, both in words and actions.
If one reads just a bit slower, and takes time to ponder the
“words” Goyathlay speaks here, they will come away with a lot more
than what the printed word says.
I was at first asked to attend the St. Louis World's Fair I did not
wish to go. Later, when I was told that I would receive good
attention and protection, and that the President of the United
States said that it would be all right, I consented. I was kept by
parties in charge of the Indian Department, who had obtained
permission from the President. I stayed in this place for six
months. I sold my photographs for twenty-five cents, and was allowed
to keep ten cents of this for myself.”
I keep looking at these words, and a
myriad of thoughts race through my mind; or, I sit mentally mute
unable to understand the spite and greed of men who would contrive
such a scheme upon a man who basically, has nothing.
I look at the words where he says he was “allowed to keep ten
cents of this” and I wonder if Goyathlay is silently being sarcastic
here, or if indeed he truly did not realize what these men were doing.
With his mind, both could be held as true.
also wrote my name for ten, fifteen, or twenty-five cents, as the
case might be, and kept all of that money. I often made as much as
two dollars a day, and when I returned I had plenty of money -more
than I had ever owned before.”
With regard to the above words:
I have seen on many websites that have various size section
pertaining to Goyathlay, references to this “quote”.
The references point to this and speak out at what a grand
thing it was for the “whites” to let Goyathlay do this, for it
allowed him to make a great deal of money; as if he went back home
with neither he nor his people having to work again.
Granted, money in those days had a great deal
different value than the same coinage has today; however, when
one thinks to the fact that Goyathlay probably never saw money save in
very few instances; the fact that the Apaches as well as other Native
Americans of that time period simply did not deal “in money”; the
fact that Goyathlay was doubtlessly unaware of the true value of any
money, even that which he was now getting; it should be readily
apparent it would not take much for him to “believe” that he had
made a “plenty of money”, nor would it take much to become “more
than I ever owned before.”
So, if I ever meet one of those people who spout
that “Geronimo” made a bundle at the World’s Fair through the
largesse of the “public and government”, I think I will smack him
with a Duh!? Board!
people in St. Louis invited me to come to their homes, but my keeper
I look at that word, keeper, and I do not know whether to be
deeply angry or deeply saddened.
What has been done to a man’s soul whose spirit once burned so
bright that the nation of Mexico collectively peed their pants if they
heard a rumor “Geronimo’s Coming!”?
What has been done to this man, that at this time at least, he
can not even use the word Guard, but instead with one word relegates
himself into a cage like an animal with the word Keeper?
people first came to the World's Fair they did nothing but parade up and
down the streets. When they got tired of this they would visit the
shows. There were many strange things in these shows. The Government
sent guards with me when I went, and I was not allowed to go anywhere
Goyathlay is around 75 years old now, what did they think he was
going to do, run out and massacre the entire City of St. Louis; run all
the way back to his ancestral homeland on foot?
another place a man was on a platform speaking to the audience; they set
a basket by the side of the platform and covered it with red calico;
then a woman came and got into the basket, and a man covered the basket
again with the calico; then the man who was speaking to the audience
took a long sword and ran it through the basket, each way, and then down
through the cloth cover. I heard the sword cut through the woman's body,
and the manager himself said she was dead; but when the cloth was lifted
from the basket she stepped out, smiled, and walked off the stage. I
would like to know how she was so quickly healed, and why the wounds did
not kill her.”
In many ways, Goyathlay for all his years, still views the world
as a child, and this makes him even more endearing in my book.
It is easy for us
to smile at the unknowing of a simple stage Magician and his
assistant; but this is also a vast comment on how the “world” had
passed this man and his people by.
The true tragedy of this however, is that save for cruelty, greed
and avarice, this need not have been.
strange and wonderful, the mind and heart of the “innocent”:
am glad I went to the Fair. I saw many interesting things and learned
much of the white people. They are a very kind and peaceful people.
During all the time I was at the Fair no one tried to harm me in any
way. Had this been among the Mexicans I am sure I should have been
compelled to defend myself often.
wish all my people could have attended the Fair.”
next section deals with “religion” and has no dates
associated with it.
However, due to the writing of it, it would have to be between
1904 and 1909.
There are a lot of “Christians” who will look and have
looked at the statement below, and walk around with the smug feeling
that another “savage pagan” was converted.
I do not see this here. While it may or may not be true that
Goyathlay “converted” as the word goes, to me is not the question.
I see the “Believing in a wise way…” and the advising of
“all my people” as another sign that Goyathlay has come to terms
with the fact that “the fight” is over, and the best chance for
the survival of his people is to at least “appear” alike as
possible, the “conquerors”, for they are going to be around for
quite some time.
that in a wise way it is good to go to church, and that associating
with Christians would improve my character, I have adopted the
Christian religion. I believe that the church has helped me much
during the short time I have been a member. I am not ashamed to be a
Christian, and I am glad to know that the President of the United
States is a Christian, for without the help of the Almighty I do not
think he could rightly judge in ruling so many people. I have
advised all of my people who are not Christians, to study that
religion, because it seems to me the best religion in enabling one
to live right.”
This next is the closing of Goyathlay’s Story, and it is a
sad commentary indeed about America when this man had to even ask the
President for permission to write his own “story”.
am thankful that the President Of the United States has given me
permission to tell my story. I hope that he and those in authority
under him will read my story and judge whether my people have been
are now held on Comanche and Kiowa lands, which are not suited to
our needs-these lands and this climate are suited to the Indians who
originally inhabited this country, of course, but our people are
decreasing in numbers here, and will continue to decrease unless
they are allowed to return to their native land. Such a result is
know that if my people were placed in that mountainous region lying
around the head waters of the Gila River they would live in peace
and act according to the will of the President. They would be
prosperous and happy in tilling the soil and learning the
civilization of the white men, whom they now respect. Could I but
see this accomplished, I think I could forget all the wrongs that I
have ever received, and die a contented and happy old man. But we
can do nothing in this matter ourselves-we must wait until those in
authority choose to act. If this cannot be done during my
lifetime-if I must die in bondage- I hope that the remnant of the
Apache tribe may, when I am gone, be granted the one privilege which
they request-to return to Arizona.”
Thus ends the story of Goyathlay, in his own words.
He did in fact, join a Christian church, The Dutch Reform;
however, they cast him out for being drunk twice.
Or, was that the real reason? Certainly history is replete in
virtually every Christian denomination I can think of, whose attendees
have been known to get drunk and this, more than twice.
In 1909, riding toward home after a night on the town,
Goyathlay fell off his horse and lay for a long time in the freezing
This brought on a terminal bout with pneumonia, of which
Goyathlay eventually succumbed.
Thus, the story is truly closed upon a man, regardless of the
view the reader might hold, who has to rank among the Great Men of
In 1909, whether they knew it or not, the
world was gearing up for the first War to End All Wars, WW I with
weapons horrific and unimaginable, just five years from the year a man
who lived most of his life on foot, fought and hunted with lance, bow
and arrow, stones, knife, and early model rifle, died.
There are certainly more stories and tales
regarding this man, both true and false; as well as many facts, dates,
names and whatnot.
But I have not included them here, because I wanted this to be
completely Goyathlay/Geronimo’s words that reached out to us.
I hope you have enjoyed this walk through history and truly
realize that history is not always written by the victor, if one seeks
In closing, it has come to my attention
that there was a man who, along with another apparently, put a family
heirloom up for auction on Ebay.
The item? It was said to be the “War Bonnet” of Geronimo.
The man said that Geronimo had given it to his ancestors, for
what, I have no idea.
It could have been in trade, it could have been out of
friendship, it could have been a lie and been stolen for all I know.
At any rate, the Feds got wind of this and arrested the man and
Having no other grounds, they arrested him for non-legal sale
of Eagle Feathers. To which the man made a deal with them, giving them
the headdress in return.
Now, I understand The Apache and the Comanche’s are at legal
“war” with one another, each claiming rights to the
One saying that it was Geronimo’s and the other saying well,
it was but on loan for it was their people who made the headdress, and
besides Apaches did not wear them.
It must have been “given” to him to wear while “on
parade” during the World’s Fair or some other such travesty, for
this man with his totally Apache Way would never have worn it in
walking through this man’s words, as we have just done, and seeing
from time-to-time, his wry sense of humor shine through; I can just “see”
him, where ever he is, laughing his butt off at the foolishness of
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