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Thank you again Kachina House!-From the Nest!

 

    To describe the various Kachinas listed below, I relied on the knowledge and the work of Barton Wright. The descriptions I have put here are extremely abbreviated to what Mr. Wright has gathered during his extensive experience and research. Within his book, "Hopi Kachinas, The Complete Guide to Collecting Kachina Dolls", Barton Wright describes some 650 Kachinas to great detail as well as their individual as well as collective importance to the Hopi people. This book as of the time of this website article can still be obtained from www.amazon.com for sure, and very likely other books stores as well.

HERE THEN ARE A FEW OF THE KATSINAM:

Saviki Kachina:  An old type of First Mesa kachina; a “wuya” which refers to wisdom/power as it is attributed to spiritual/religious elders; will appear in the Bean Dance.

Old Man Kachina (Wuwuyamo): An elder who comes to the clowns, as far as ritual participants are concerned and to all people in general who will listen. He tries to encourage the people to right their wrongs or, if you will, change the wrong direction of their Paths.

Situlili Kachina: Some say this is a Zuni, as opposed to Hopi, Kachina.  However, it is also said that this Kachina does not appear on any Zuni listing. So, until and unless I ever learn differently, your guess is as good as mine.

Buffalo Maiden Dancer:  The Buffalo Maiden is a dancer, not technically a kachina. Purportedly her inclusion comes from the Rio Grande Pueblo Indians via the Plains Indians (or vice versa, I forget which).

Blue Ahote Kachina: The Ahote Kachina also is seen to come Plains Indian influence, mainly due to the wearing of a long eagle feather headdress.

Humming Bird Kachina: Tocha Kachina. The Humming Bird Kachina is a highly regarded and favorite representation.

Road Runner Kachina: Hospoa Kachina. They are also as guards against witchcraft.

Eototo Kachina:  Eototo is the chief of all kachinas as well as being know as the Father of the Kachinas and is the spiritual counterpart of the village chief.

Aholi Kachina: Some have Aholi as Eototo’s companion or Lieutenant (3rd Mesa). He is a spiritual leader among other roles.

Crow Bride Kachina: Angwushahai-i, can be a bit confusing for she is Crow Bride on the 3rd Mesa but is known as Crow Mother on the other two mesas. Still, either way the roles are comparable.

Crow Mother Kachina: Angwusnasomtaka is considered by many Hopi to be the mother of all Kachinas (although not the wife of Eototo). Reference above about Crow Bride.

Ogre Woman Kachina: Soyok Wuti is a First Mesa Kachina, although she too can and will appear in somewhat altered forms on the 2nd and 3rd Mesas. Her role is to teach discipline to the children.

White Bear Kachina: Hon is usually distinguished only by color, such as White, Blue, Yellow or Black. All Bear Kachinas are believed to be very powerful, great warriors, and adept at curing illnesses.

Antelope Kachina: Chop, he aids in causing rains to come as well as enabling grass to grow.

Kokopelli Kachina: I have not seen a culture yet that did not have a particular “lover”, this the epitome as far as Kachinas go. He is also seen as a flute player. Do you recall “Pan” of other culture mythology?  It is said that he represents a trader and that in reality the so-called hump on his back is a backpack. 

Great Horned Owl Kachina:  Mongwa is my personal favorite. He always stands ready to slap some common sense into the clowns.

Koshari Kachina:  Paiyakyamu, the Hano clown. Koshares are the ultimate example of overdoing everything, including gluttony. Large watermelons are often depicted with these clowns to emphasize the gluttony. They are figures that are both sacred and profane.  Basically, their purpose is to show how overdoing anything is bad not only for the individual but for the people as a whole as well.

Red Beard, Long Hair Kachina: Angak'china seem to be everywhere, in the Hopi Mesas and in many Pueblos along the Rio Grande. He brings rain and flowers.

Yellow Corn Maiden: Takus Mana appears in regular Kachina dances with household ware, accompanied by Long Haired Kachina.

A side commentary here:  Take note again, if you have not already, of the above two Kachina representations. There are within the histories of peoples from around the earth, stories of a time or times when varying numbers of “a people” basically totally different in appearance have shared a period of time with the indigenous ones.  And that these people are greatly beneficial toward the indigenous ones.  This is true of many of the Native Americans as well.  Now, remember, that we are NOT speaking of recent history here or even close to the time when non-Indians began to discover what had already been found.  This little gem of contemplation is worth a book all by itself.

White Ogre Kachina: Wiharu accompanies Black Ogre and Soyoko [Ogre Woman] on her trip collecting food from the children.

Black Ogre Kachina: Nata-aska, the Black Ogre, and Wiharu, the White Ogre, carry a saw (sometimes a knife) as well as a bow and arrows for hunting. Their outstanding feature is their long, flapping jaws, which they can clack most effectively.

White Wolf: Kweo, appears as a side dancer who accompanies the Deer and Mountain Sheep Kachinas in the Soyohim dances. As might be expected it is revered for its power as a hunter.

Eagle Kachina: Kwahu, will sometimes appear with Mudheads at night ceremonies in March.

Broad-faced Kachina: Wuyak-ku-ita appears in Bean dance.

Early Morning Kachina: Talavia appears on rooftops in the early morning and sings happy, sad, or critical songs.

Cheveyo:  An ogre Kachina who may come at any time during the spring months, if Hopi children are particularly bad. All peoples have a “Boogy Man” to keep children line, this is the Hopi version.

Yellow Ahote Kachina (No English translation.) Derived from a Plains Indian tradition, the Kachina appears in the Mixed dances, and is a good hunter.

Warrior Maiden: Hé-é-é, according to legend, a young woman who, in the midst of having her hair put up, takes up her father's weapons upon being attacked by enemies, rallies the village men and fights until the enemy is defeated. Hence the maiden's swirl of hair on one side and not the other. During ceremonies, she leads a group of fearsome warriors. In another version, the Warrior Maiden is actually a male dressed in women's dress. Personally, I not only like the first version but also believe it to be the valid version as there are always men in any “people” who simply can not stand the thought of a woman being a “hero”.

White Buffalo Kachina: Mosairu appears in ordinary Kachina dances.

Sun Kachina: Tawa represents the spirit of the sun god and appears in regular Kachina dances.

Deer Dancer Kachina: Sowi-ingwu appears in Plaza dances, usually accompanied by the predatory Wolf Kachina.

White Bear Kachina: Hon appears in mixed dances, said to be very powerful and can heal the sick.

Eagle Dancer Kachina: Kwa or Kwahu, sometimes appears with Mudheads at night ceremonies in Spring.  In the Kiva or Repeat Dances of early March, the dance is a conscious effort to duplicate the actions and motions of eagles and is a prayer for an increase of eagles. Eagles occupy a rather unique position among the Hopi, for they are treated as honored guests, and are given presents just as the Hopi children are.

Broad-face Whipper Kachina: Hú or Tungwup, appears at Bean Dance with Crow Mother.

Butterfly Maiden: Polik Mana, to be accurate, is not a Kachina, but a woman dancer appearing in one of the initiation dances.

Whipper Kachina's Uncle: Tungwup Ta-amu carries a yucca whip. Sometimes acts as leader in the Bean Dance parade.)

Mong or Chief Kachina: Ahola represents the spirit of the germ god, Alosoka, a deity who controls the growth and reproduction of all things.

Mudhead Kachina (Koyemsi.) The most common Hopi clown, appear in Mixed Kachina dances.

It is a multi-faceted clown borrowed from Zuni. They may appear as a chorus, and on First Mesa and possibly other villages their songs are in Zuni. During the rests in a dance, they may engage in games with the boys and girls in the audience. At other times, only a single Mudhead may appear as a drummer for a group. Should a dancer not have the proper mask or be late in arriving, he can easily become a Mudhead by donning that mask. These kachinas appear in almost every Hopi dance.

Navajo Night Chant Yeibichai: This kachina is intended as a replica of the Navajo Talking God, the leader of the Yeibichai dancers who wear masks of the Yei and appear in the ninth and last night of the Navajo's Nightway healing ceremony

Blue Corn Maiden: The Kachin' Mana, or Kachina Maiden, is the most ubiquitous of all the women who appear with other kachinas. If she is carrying blue corn, she is known as the Blue Corn Maiden, similarly yellow corn, etc. She also changes her name to that of the kachina with whom she is dancing, although her appearance does not change. Her presence is a prayer for corn.

Palhik Mana or Butterfly Maiden: The Palhik Mana, or Butterfly Maiden, is one of the most popular kachinas in the Hopi carvers' repertoire. This beautifully dressed figure is not really a kachina, but rather a woman's dance personage.

Squash Kachina: Also known as the Patung Kachina is a chief Kachina of the “wuya” for the Pumpkin Clan. Plants are of great importance to the Hopi, because of their dependence upon them for food. There are relatively few members of this clan left, and consequently their stories are not very well known.

Long-Haired Kachina: Angak'china, the Long-Haired Kachina, is a bringer of gentle rains and flowers. He is the Kokokshi of Zuni, and yet he appears in almost all of the pueblos from the Hopi to the Rio Grande. His songs are melodic and the dance a beautiful one to see in the springtime, and is a favorite of the Hopi.

Mouse Doll:  The Warrior Mouse is not a dance figure at all, but rather the hero of a Second Mesa legend. A mouse undertook to rid the village of a pesky chickenhawk. This he did by taunting the hawk and eventually tricking him to dive into a stake and impale himself. Hopi do not consider this doll a kachina, and most anthologies do not include him in their roster.

Hemis Kachina: The Hopi have several borrowed kachinas, the Hemis Kachina, or Jemez Kachina, is one of them. The Hemis Kachina is most often used for the Niman or Home-Going Ceremony when the kachinas leave the Mesas for six months. It is one of the most appropriate kachinas for this farewell, as it is the first kachina to bring mature corn to the people, indicating that the corn crop is assured.

Left-Handed Hunter Kachina:  Siyangephoya, or Left-Handed [Hunter] Kachina, is said by some be be derived from the Hualapai Indians, but other Hopi attribute them to the Chemehuevi. He is left-handed because his gear is reversed, and to draw an arrow from the quiver, he must use his right hand rather than his left, as is normal. This kachina moves with strange bobbings and little mincing steps. Despite his odd behavior, he is supposed to be an excellent hunter. In carvings, he is usually shown with a rabbit at his feet.

Mountain Lion Kachina:  Toho, or Mountain Lion Kachina, often accompanies such animals as the Deer or Antelope Kachinas when they appear in the Line Dances of spring. However, during the Pachavu or Tribal Initiation about every fourth year, Toho appears as a guard. Armed with yucca whips, he patrols the procession in company with He-e-e, Warrior Woman, and other warrior or guard kachinas.

Snake Dancers:  Chusona, or Snake Dancer, is mistakenly taken for a kachina. It is not, being rather a society personage, but one of great popularity. The Snake Dance has always had a intense fascination for the non-Hopi, and in consequence effigies of this personage have been carved for many years. As a side note, this summer dance had been ruled off limits to non-Hopi, because the crowds attending had become so offensive to the Hopi religious sensibilities.

HEYA!  

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